“Immediacy of feedback is essential.
If the feedback isn’t immediate, the probability of cognitive encoding (memory) drops precipitously.”

Immediate feedback produces better outcomes


Standard 12-month curriculum was mastered in just 69 days.

40% Improvement

  • Students who received immediate feedback performed 2 standard deviations higher than students who did not receive immediate feedback.

Sources: Bloom 1984, Koedinger 1998, Dannenberg, Sanchez, Joseph, Joseph, Saul, and Capell, 1993, Jacobson, J. (2012) Sumners, C., Schloss, A., Handron, K., Jacobson, J. (2012). Osche, E., LeBlang, J. (2011) Hawkins, J., Jacobson, J., Franklin, J. (2011)